Organic Syntheses


Compound Name
3,4-dihydroxymethylamphetamine (DHMA) - Demethylation of MHMA using hydrobromic acid
3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl-2-propanone (MDP2P) - Multiple methods entailed, from (iso)safrole
3-methoxy-4-hydroxymethylamphetamine (MHMA) - Reduction of MHP2P using aluminum amalgam
3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenyl-2-propanone (MHP2P) - Multiple methods entailed, from (iso)eugenol
4-allylcatechol - Aluminum Halide demethylation of eugenol
4-Aminobenzoic acid - Reduction of p-nitrobenzoic acid
Acetaldehyde - Oxidation of ethanol using sodium dichromate
Acetamide - Many methods entailed: ammonium acetate decomp, EtAc + NH3, etc.
Acetic Acid - Distilation of a mixture of sodium acetate and sulfuric acid
Acetylsalicylic Acid - Isolation from asprin
Acetylsalicylic Acid - Reaction of salicylic acid with acetic anhydride
Amyl Acetate - Esterfication of Pentanol (Amyl Alcohol) with Acetic Acid
Amyl Nitrite - Reaction of sulfuric acid/sodium nitrite on amyl alcohol
Aniline - Reduction of nitrobenzene
Benzal Chloride - chlorination of toluene under UV light
Benzaldehyde - Hydrolysis of benzal chloride
Benzil - Oxidation of Benzoin
Benzilic Acid - Benzilic rearrangement of benzil
Benzoin - Condensation of benzaldehyde
Benzyl Chloride - Reaction of Toluene and TCCA under UV light
Benzyl Cyanide - Reaction of Benzyl Chloride with Sodium cyanide
Butyl Nitrite - Reaction of sulfuric acid/sodium nitrite on butyl alcohol
Chloroform - Haloform reaction of bleach (sodium hypochlorite) and acetone
Citric Acid - Isolation from lemon juice
Casein - Extraction from milk
Cumene - Alkylation of benzene using isopropanol in sulfuric acid
Dextrin - Hydrolysis of Starch
Diethyl Ether - Reaction of Ethanol and Sulfuric acid
Ethanol - Biosynthesis from the action of yeast on sucrose (fermentation)
Ethyl Acetate - Esterfication of Ethanol with Acetic Acid
Ethyl Bromide - Action of hydrobromic acid (in-situ) on ethanol.
Ethyl Chloride - Action of hydrochloric acid on ethanol in the presence of a metal chloride
Ethyl Iodide - Action of hydroiodic acid on ethanol
Ethyl Nitrite - Action of sulfuric acid/sodium nitrite on ethanol
Eugenol - Purification of essential oil, and isolation from plant material
Formaldehyde - Reaction of Methanol with copper or copper oxide
Formic Acid - Reaction of oxalic acid with glycerin and distilation from metal formates
Hexamine - Reaction of aqueous ammonia with aqueous formaldehyde
Hydrazine -
Isopropyl Bromide - Esterfication of isopropyl alcohol by sodium bromide/sulfuric acid
Isopropyl Mercaptan - Action of sodium hydrosulfide on isopropyl bromide
Isopropyl Nitrite - Reaction of sodium nitrite/sulfuric acid on isopropyl alcohol
Isoeugenol - Isomerization of eugenol using potassium hydroxide
Isosafrole - Isomerization of safrole using a potassium hydroxide catalyst
Lactose - Isolation from milk
Methylamine Hydrochloride - Hydrolyzation of hexamine in hydrochloric acid
Microcrystalline Cellulose - Hydrolysis of cellulose with alkali hydroxide followed by strong acid
Nitrobenzene - Nitration of benzene with mixed acids
Nitrotoluene - Nitration of toluene with mixed acids. Also includes information on isolation of the p-nitrotoluene isomer
Oxalic Acid - Oxidation of sucrose with 70% nitric acid
p-Nitrobenzoic acid - Oxidation of p-Nitrotoluene
Phenol - Diazotation of aniline
Phenyl-2-propanone (P2P) - Multiple methods entailed
Phenyl acetone - See phenyl-2-propanone (P2P)
Piperonyl acetone - See 3,4-methylenedioxyphenyl-2-propanone (MDP2P)
Safrole - Synthesis from 4-allylcatechol, Purification of essential oils, isolation from safrole containing plants.
Vanillyl Acetone - See 3-methoxy-4-hydroxyphenyl-2-propanone (MHP2P)



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