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Smoke Stars

All of these compositions were pulled off 'Practical Pyrotechnics', an internet site containing lots of valuble information.

 

 

Red smoke star
Source: Shimizu[1], page 226. Listed as "Smoke dye compositions for stars, red"
Comments:
Preparation: Wheat flour can be substituted for milk sugar. Produce as 10mm cut stars, and prime with meal powder.

Potassium chlorate................................28
Milk sugar........................................20
Rhodamine B conc..................................30
Oil orange........................................22
Soluble glutinous rice starch.....................+3%

Yellow smoke star #1
Source: Composition from Shimizu[1], page 229. Listed as "Yellow dragon"
Comments: The smoke is more dense than that of dye smoke, but it looks dark yellow against the light of the sun. The smoke is poisonous.
Preparation: Make pressed stars.

Potassium nitrate.................................25
Sulfur............................................16
Realgar...........................................59

Yellow smoke star #2
Source: Composition from Shimizu[1], page 228. Listed as "White willow"
Comments:
Preparation:

Potassium nitrate.................................48.5
Sulfur............................................48.5
Realgar...........................................3
Charcoal (or hemp coal)...........................+2%
Soluble glutinous rice starch.....................+6%

Yellow smoke star #3
Source: Composition from Shimizu[1], page 229. Listed as "Yellow willow"
Comments:
Preparation: Form into cut stars, and dry them well. Place them in a coating tub. Add a slurry of soluble glutinous rice starch and cover all the surfaces with the paste by shaking the tub. Remove from the tub and place them on gypsum powder. Roll them in it until all the stars are coated with the gypsum. Dry in the sun. Repeat these operations untill the layer of gypsum becomes thicker than 1.5mm. It will be necessary to repeat at least 6 times. When done, bore a hole in each star to introduce the fire in it (with appropiate precautions taken). Prime the hole with black powder paste and dry in the sun. Roll a final layer of soluble glutinous rice starch and meal powder over the stars and dry them thoroughly.

Potassium nitrate.................................43
Sulfur............................................10
Realgar...........................................37
Hemp coal (or Paulownia coal).....................4
Soluble glutinous rice starch.....................6

Green smoke star
Source: Composition from Shimizu[1], page 226. Listed as "Smoke dye compositions for stars, green"
Comments:
Preparation: Wheat flour can be substituted for milk sugar. Produce as 10mm cut stars, and prime with meal powder.

Potassium chlorate................................33
Milk sugar........................................27
Oil yellow (Butter yellow)........................20
Phthalocyanine blue...............................20
Soluble glutinous rice starch.....................+3%

Blue smoke star
Source: Composition from Shimizu[1], page 226. Listed as "Smoke dye compositions for stars, blue"
Comments:
Preparation: Wheat flour can be substituted for milk sugar. Produce as 10mm cut stars, and prime with meal powder.

Potassium chlorate................................33
Milk sugar........................................27
Phthalocyanine blue...............................40
Soluble glutinous rice starch.....................+3%

Violet smoke star
Source: Composition from Shimizu[1], page 226. Listed as "Smoke dye compositions for stars, Violet"
Comments:
Preparation: Wheat flour can be substituted for milk sugar. Produce as 10mm cut stars, and prime with meal powder.

Potassium chlorate................................29
Milk sugar........................................25
Rhodamine B conc..................................13
Oil orange........................................16
Phthalocyanine blue...............................17
Soluble glutinous rice starch.....................+3%

White smoke star #1
Source: Composition from Shimizu[1], page 228. Listed as "White chrysanthemum I"
Comments:
Preparation:

Potassium nitrate.................................53
Sulfur............................................7
Charcoal (or hemp coal)...........................32
Lampblack.........................................8
Soluble glutinous rice starch.....................+6%

White smoke star #2
Source: Composition from Shimizu[1], page 228. Listed as "White chrysanthemum II"
Comments:
Preparation:

Potassium nitrate.................................66
Realgar...........................................13
Charcoal (or hemp coal)...........................5
Lampblack.........................................5
Soluble glutinous rice starch.....................11

White smoke star #3
Source: Composition from Shimizu[1], page 228. Listed as "White willow"
Comments: The smoke is caused by condensation of sulfur vapour.
Preparation: Form into cut stars, and dry them well. Place them in a coating tub. Add a slurry of soluble glutinous rice starch and cover all the surfaces with the paste by shaking the tub. Remove from tge tub and place them on gypsum powder. Roll them in it until all the stars are coated with the gypsym. Dry in the sun. Repeat these operations until the layer of gypsum becomes thicker than 1.5mm. It will be necessary to repeat 6 times. When done, bore a hole in each star to introduce the fire in it (with appropiate precautions taken). Prime the hole with black powder paste and dry in the sun. Roll a final layer of soluble glutinous rice starch and meal powder over the stars and dry them thoroughly.

Potassium nitrate.................................48.5
Sulfur............................................48.5
Realgar...........................................3
Charcoal (or hemp coal)...........................+2%
Soluble glutinous rice starch.....................+6%